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機油冷卻器的原理 更新時間: 2018-11-02

機油冷卻器的作用是冷卻潤滑油,保持油溫在正常工作范圍之內。在大功率的強化發動機上,由于熱負荷大,必須裝用機油冷卻器。發動機運轉時,由于機油粘度隨溫度升高而變稀,降低了潤滑能力。因此,有些發動機裝用了機油冷卻器,其作用是降低機油溫度,保持潤滑油一定的粘度。機油冷卻器布置在潤滑系循環油路。


機油冷卻器的種類

1)風冷式機油冷卻器

風冷式機油冷卻器的芯子由許多冷卻管和冷卻板組成,在汽車行駛時,利用汽車迎面風冷卻熱的機油冷卻器芯子。風冷式機油 冷卻器要求周圍通風好,在普通轎車上很難保證有足夠的通風空間,一般很少采用。在賽車上多半采用這種冷卻器,因為賽車速度高,冷卻風量大。

2)水冷式機油冷卻器

機油 冷卻器置于冷卻水路中,利用冷卻水的溫度來控制潤滑油的溫度。當潤滑油溫度高時,靠冷卻水降溫,發動機啟動時,則從冷卻水吸收熱量使潤滑油迅速提高溫度。機油 冷卻器由鋁合金鑄成的殼體、前蓋、后蓋和銅芯管組成。為了加強冷卻,管外又套裝了散熱片。冷卻水在管外流動,潤滑油在管內流動,兩者進行熱量交換。也有使油在管外流動,而水在管內流動的結構。

oil cooler in the cooling water, the use of cooling water temperature to control the temperature of lubricating oil. When the lubricating oil temperature is high, the cooling water is cooled down, and when the engine is started, the heat is absorbed by the cooling water to make the lubricating oil rapidly raise the temperature. The oil cooler consists of an aluminum alloy shell, a front cover, a rear cover and a copper core tube. In order to strengthen the cooling, the tube is equipped with a heat sink. Cooling water flows outside the pipe and the oil flows in the tube. There is also a structure that allows oil to flow outside the pipe while the water flows in the pipe.

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